On December 10, 2013, the International Human Rights Day, 562 authors, including five Nobel Prize laureates, from over 80 countries joined together to launch an appeal in defense of civil liberties against surveillance by corporations and governments.
The five Nobel Prize Winners who signed the appeal are: Orhan Pamuk, J.M. Coetzee, Elfriede Jelinek, Günter Grass and Tomas Tranströmer.
The global petition was organized by an independent international group of authors, namely: Juli Zeh (Germany), Ilija Trojanow (Germany), Eva Menasse (Germany), Janne Teller (Germany), Priya Basil (United Kingdom), Isabel Cole (United States), and Josef Haslinger (Austria), who published the appeal in 30 news papers all around the world on December 10.
According to the writers, ”In recent months, the extent of mass surveillance has become common knowledge. With a few clicks of the mouse the state can access your mobile device, your e-mail, your social networking and Internet searches. It can follow your political leanings and activities and, in partnership with Internet corporations, it collects and stores your data, and thus can predict your consumption and behaviour.”
They argued that “The basic pillar of democracy is the inviolable integrity of the individual. Human integrity extends beyond the physical body. In their thoughts and in their personal environments and communications, all humans have the right to remain unobserved and unmolested.”
The writers stressed that “This fundamental human right has been rendered null and void through abuse of technological developments by states and corporations for mass surveillance purposes. A person under surveillance is no longer free; a society under surveillance is no longer a democracy. To maintain any validity, our democratic rights must apply in virtual as in real space.”
They noted that:
- Surveillance violates the private sphere and compromises freedom of thought and opinion.
- Mass surveillance treats every citizen as a potential suspect. It overturns one of our historical triumphs, the presumption of innocence.
- Surveillance makes the individual transparent, while the state and the corporation operate in secret. As we have seen, this power is being systemically abused.
- Surveillance is theft. This data is not public property: it belongs to us. When it is used to predict our behaviour, we are robbed of something else: the principle of free will crucial to democratic liberty.
The writers demanded the right for all people to determine, as democratic citizens, to what extent their personal data may be legally collected, stored and processed, and by whom; to obtain information on where their data is stored and how it is being used; and to obtain the deletion of their data if it has been illegally collected and stored.
They also called on:
- All States and corporations to respect these rights.
- All citizens to stand up and defend these rights.
- The United Nations to acknowledge the central importance of protecting civil rights in the digital age, and to create an International Bill of Digital Rights.
- Governments to sign and adhere to such a convention.
The writers, under the platform, Writers Against Mass Surveillance, are seeking signatures for the petition titled: “A Stand for Democracy in the Digital Age” on Change.org. You can sign the petition online at: http://chn.ge/1cLrMaA